What are Eczemas?
Eczemas are processes that affect the skin and can be quickly differentiated because the skin begins to flake and it appears a constant itch that begins to spread throughout the area.
Each type of eczema appears for different reasons ranging from a simple problem of nerves, in which cases it disappears when the person relaxes, until problems with the white blood cells or even problems with the immune system.
When this problem affects young children or adolescents, you should consult the doctor as soon as possible in order to avoid infectious process or eczemas that may be due to the consumption of certain foods.
What are the causes of eczema?
They present in the body as a warning of other diseases such as a poor immune system or stress problems.
Sometimes they can appear in cases of allergies or even when you are around products that can irritate the skin.
Finally, they can also appear in cases of inheritance.
Symptoms of eczema
The symptoms can’t be ignored for too long. These usually appear as reddish plaques on the skin. This area appears with very flaky skin and occasionally, due to itching, the problem is increased much more.
They can appear anywhere in the body and can become very painful.
In some cases, it can be seen an area with very large inflammation problems and in this cases you have to go to the doctor very quickly. When it becomes too complicated, the eczema presents some pus or wax-like content on the inside.
What types of eczema are there?
• Atopic eczema. These are known to have reddish scaling patches lesions. In most cases, these lesions are seen in the flexible areas of the extremities. They appear in allergic processes like asthma, hives problems, rhinitis problems. The areas begin to show great cut dryness.
• Contact Eczema. These are due to the appearance of plaques on the skin areas. These can appear because the person who suffers them has been exposed to very toxic substances that can create allergies in the skin. Some people suffer even when the substances they touch are not toxic. This occurs in patients who have very sensitive skin.
Prevention of eczemas
This condition can be avoided by taking into account some of the following recommendations, even when it has already appeared.
One of the first things we must do to prevent or lower the inflammation of an eczema is to not have contact with strong chemicals that can irritate the skin in any way.
As far as possible, we should wear protective clothing made in cotton or with a high content of cotton.
We should wear gloves when we have to do any type of activity that involves contact with water or with products that may irritate the skin.
When using perfumes, you should avoid those that have a strong fragrance or that may have some chemical to increase this problem.
When you shower, you shouldn’t take hot showers. Instead, you must use warm or even cold water, which reduces the itch and prevents the peeling of the skin.
Any type of sport should be avoided when we are facing a skin peeling problem. When you do sport, the body begins to sweat, and this causes an increase in the itching of the eczema and is ended by irritating.
Once the eczema has completely disappeared, the care must continue since it can reappear much more easily once you have had one.
At the end of this article, you will find more recommendations and tips that can help you prevent or treat this condition.
Treatments for eczema
The first thing to do when an eczema appears is to go to the doctor, so he can tell us the real cause for which it has appeared. Based on a medical study, it will be possible to give a much more elaborate diagnosis to the patient and thus to be able to help him/her by treating the appropriate allergen.
Treatments given by contact to other substances end when the patient stops exposing himself to that substance that damages him. In cases of atopic eczema, foods that may be causing the allergy are eliminated from the diet.
Other treatments are systemic or antihistamines and can help with the over-infection of the corresponding allergy, avoiding that it can get worse.
For patients who have problems with allergic eczema, is necessary to protect the affected area, preventing further irritation. Housewives should be very careful and wear gloves for any type of domestic activity.
People who are prone to having this kind of problems usually present their first appearance within a few months of age. It’s usually seen on the face or neck of the patient or even in the diaper area.
The lesions can reappear in the areas where they started and in many cases, they disappear leaving only a lot of dry skin that is treated with moisturizers or any type of treatment recommended by the doctor to prevent a relapse.
The people who suffer the most from this problem are housewives and this is the reason why this problem is also known as Housewives’ hand Eczema, as they are the most exposed to toxic products that can cause this type of allergies. The use of gloves doesn’t ensure that this will not appear, because many people can develop an eczema to non-toxic products, but they do can help to prevent their appearance.
Home remedies for treating eczemas
We quote some of the best known natural and home remedies to treat this problem, but we must highlight that before applying any of these solutions it’s important to consult with your doctor to know his opinion about your eczema.
A chamomile infusion helps the areas affected by eczema to heal better, decrease itching and inflammation, and prevent infections. For its preparation add dried chamomile herbs to a cup of boiling water, let stand for about 10 to 15 minutes. Wet a clean compress or gauze with this infusion and apply it on the affected area.
Apply two or three times a day until the inflammation is reduced, and the lesion is dried.
Mango can be a good ally to deal with this problem. For its preparation clean and peel a piece of mango. Bake the peel in hot water, until it reaches the boil. Then lower the heat, leave it simmering for four minutes and then put out the fire and let it cool. Apply this paste on the affected area two or three times a day for a couple of weeks.
3. Milk or condensed milk
Applying a cotton swab soaked in whole milk or condensed milk in the affected area will help relieve the itching that can appear. It’s an excellent remedy to alleviate this symptom of the itch that eczema can produce.
In a liter of water, add 7 tablespoons of horsetail (this plant is also known as equisetum) and boil it for 10 minutes. Then strain and let stand for 15 to 20 minutes.
Add this to the bath water and take a bath with this solution. Another option is to add clay and apply in plaster mode on the affected area and let it dry for about 15 minutes, then wash with remaining horsetail water.
A very old natural remedy that helps to combat them is to apply water mixed with milk and oats. You have to mix these three ingredients until there is a paste. You can use a blender to make a fine power with a cup of oat. Apply this paste (with the 3 ingredients mentioned above) of oatmeal resulting in the affected area twice a day.
Recommendations and advice for the treatment and prevention of eczema
1. Keep the skin moisturized, especially if it’s dry. It doesn’t have to be expensive, there are very suitable creams that you can use. A proper hydration will help restore the skin.
2. Avoid taking drinks with alcohol, foods with saturated fats and foods with spices.
3. Avoid extreme temperatures, sudden changes in temperature and environments that are very dry.
4. Avoid sweating as much as possible. When you sweat, it can worsen eczema, so if you sweat it’s advisable to take a shower as soon as possible.
5. Avoid contact with products that can irritate the skin such as: some fabrics like wool, chemicals. It’s advisable to wash clothes with very mild detergents.
6. Have the rooms properly ventilated, avoid the presence of animals (cats, dogs, birds, …) in them to have them clean of dust.
7. In some cases, the eczemas can appear due to some allergy to a certain food as can be eggs, nuts and dairy products. Or due to the contact with some chemicals such as a cleaning product. An allergist is the ideal specialist to find the cause.
8. Stress can produce skin attacks. For this reason and all the other problems it can produce, it’s important to have a lifestyle as relaxed as possible.
9. When taking a bath, it’s advisable to do so with warm water and not hot and not to dry the affected area by rubbing, but with small strokes that will aggravate the problem.
10. Use hypoallergenic, soft products and avoid gels with fragrances and chemicals.
11. The Doctor can prescribe moisturizing creams that can be applied after the bath to lose moisture and help to reduce the inflammation.
12. Consult with a dermatologist so he can decide whether to prescribe an antihistamine and the most correct product to treat this condition.